Monumental Works: Exhibition of Sculptures Created and Donated by Yin Jichang A National Fine Art Collection and Award Project in 2016
PrefaceYin Jichang (1923—1998), born in Nanxiong of Guangdong Province, was a famous sculptor in China. He graduated from the Guangdong Provincial Art College in 1943, and received his education from noted fine art educators Hu Gentian, Wu Zifu and well-known sculptor Liang Zhuting and Zheng Ke. In 1949, he joined the South China Art Troupe, and took part in organizing the South China Art Service Society (later as Guangzhou People’s Fine Art Society), becoming Deputy Director of the society. In 1956, he was in charge of the construction of Guangzhou Sculpture Studio (later as Guangzhou Sculpture Academy), and was appointed as Director. He was successively appointed as National City Sculpture Art Committee Member, Executive Director of Guangdong Provincial Artists Association, Guangzhou Municipal Sculpture Planning Committee Member and Deputy Director.
As a significant sculptor in modern fine art history in China, Yin had laid the foundation for the development of city sculpture in Guangzhou since he was in charge of the construction of Guangzhou Sculpture Studio in 1956. From 1950s to 1960s, the construction of sculptures in Guangzhou was getting started because the municipal government paid attention to it, during which Yin jointly created the following three symbolic pieces of works: Statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Five Rams, and Liberation of Guangzhou. Entering the 1980s, city sculpture had a great development in Guangzhou as the opening-up and economic development flourished. During this period of time, Yin created a lot of excellent works including Guangzhou Uprising Monument, Movie Pioneer Mr. Cai Chusheng, Dr. Sun Yat-sen Engaging in Medical Studies and General Cai Tingkai. Among these pieces, Liberation of Guangzhou, Five Rams and Statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen were awarded with Excellent National City Sculpture Prizes.
In his early period, his works were featured with a realistic style, with a strong personality and an obvious tempor of times. At the same time, Yin was good at integrating local art style into his works, adding a bit of a romatic feature to his Guangdong folk art and fairy tale pieces with a precise and graceful silhouette and a powerful Lingnan flavour. After the 1980s, romaticism was introduced to his works with a mature technique. Some of his artworks were even featured with abstraction, exceeding his past to the realm of spiritual resemblance.
Exhibits from this show are kindly donated by Yin’s family, which marks the first donation of his works and sketches in a large scale ranging from 1950s to 1990s, including 248 pieces of sculptures, 115 pieces of photos, as well as some tools and furnitures used by Yin. This is exceptional in terms of category and integrity. In this exhibition, visitors may find that the sculptor had made different versions of various materials before he made the final sculpture, which demonstrates Yin’s endeavor for perfection. We also restore his workshop for this show, accompanied by relevant documents and photos, so as to let the visitors know better of this great sculptor who had devoted his life for the development of city sculpture in Guangzhou.
We would like to show our heart-felt thanks to Yin’s family, who generously donated Yin’s works and relevant documents in a large scale to the Museum.
Guangzhou Museum of Art